Volkswagen Was Warned in 2007 By Bosch About Illegal Software

Volkswagen Was Warned in 2007 By Bosch About Illegal Software Bosch reportedly warned Volkswagen on its illegal software use in 2007 but the German automaker unseen the warnings.
The engine management software is the center of the controversial discovery that Volkswagen cheated on diesel emissions tests and in addition to Robert Bosch warning Volkswagen in 2007, one of the German automaker’s own engineers warned the company in 2011 in this area illegal emissions testing practices. According to German newspaper Bild am Sonntag, Bosch full diesel software to Volkswagen for testing purposes but it eventually finished up on road-going, production vehicles.
SEE ALSO: Ex-VW CEO Winterkorn Is Subject Of Criminal Investigation
The publication also noted that the scandal started in 2005 when then-Volkswagen brand chief Wolfgang Bernhard wanted to develop a new diesel enginef or the U.S. market. It appeared that the only way to produce an engine that would meet U.S. emission standards was to use an AdBlue urea key that would have cost around $335 per vehicle, a sum that finance officials at Volkswagen said was too high.
After Bernhard left Volkswagen in 2007, Martin Winterkorn became VW Assemble and brand CEO and tasked Audi development boss Ulrich Hackenberg to continue development on the engine. It appears that the engine eventually used software manipulated to fool diesel emissions tests in the U.S.
Automotive News
This article originally appeared at Rawvehicle.com

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Female Drivers May Slightly Outnumber Males

Female Drivers May Slightly Outnumber Males The percentage of women drivers in the U.S. has slowly increased over the past 50 years so that today they are around equal in number, if not a modest more.
But while there may be a higher number of registered women drivers, that does not mean the average traffic sampling has more women in it than men.
These results were found by a study by Michael Sivak of the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute which parsed Federal Highway Administration data from 1963-2013 chronicling a rise from 39.6 percent of all drivers being female to 50.5 percent in 2013.
Females first became a majority of registered drivers in 2005 but the study says the split is different with regards to percentages likely to be on the road.
Women drive less than males the study says so at any given time men may still outnumber women,.
“A consideration of both the percentage of drivers by gender and the average annual distance driven by gender reveals that, in 1963, 23.8% of drivers on the road were females, which increased to 40.8% by 2013,” says an abstract to the study.

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Mazda6 Diesel Sets 20 Speed Records

Mazda6 Diesel Sets 20 Speed Records Mazda managed to break 20 speed minutes with its diesel-powered Mazda6.
The company set these 20 minutes, which are still subject to FIA homologation, at the ATP test oval in Papenburg, Germany.
Three Mazda6 SKYACTIV-D 2.2-liter clean diesels completed a 24-hour marathon run on the high-speed track this last weekend, with the adjoin car achieving an average speed of 137.37 mph and the other two close behind. The current record for diesel-powered production cars (2.0-2.5 liter displacement) is 130.38 mph.
In total, the cars covered over 3293.3 miles during the 24-hour period.
Mazda added each of the three Mazdas also set several other average speed minutes over a variety of distances (also subject to FIA homologation).
At the wheel of the cars were 23 drivers from seven EU countries. Mazda clarified they included professionals as well as journalists and car enthusiasts, who could apply to take part as part of a battle started by Mazda last May. During their 1.5-hour stints behind the wheel, they were not allowed to follow in the slipstream of a preceding car and needed to be exceptionally careful in the steeply banked curves at each end of the oval to avoid losing speed.
Mazda said only 0.55mph of average speed separated the three Mazda6 cars after 24 hours – a tribute to the drivers and pit teams, which were made up of employees from various Mazda dealerships, but above all to the design, drivability and fidelity of these cars even when pushed to their limits.
Mazda’s SKYACTIV-D clean diesels feature a 14:1 compression ratio, the world’s lowest in a diesel engine. This engine is available in various parts of the world in the Mazda CX-5, Mazda6, all-new Mazda3 and coming soon in the all-new Mazda2, but not yet available in the U.S.
Mazda added demand for these clean diesel engines has been strong around the globe from day one and has not let up since. They have been successful on the track elsewhere, too: in mid-2013, a SKYACTIV-D powered Mazda6 became the first diesel to ever win a race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

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Volt, Leaf Criticized For Low Off-Lease Residual Values

Volt, Leaf Criticized For Low Off-Lease Residual Values The Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf are in the critics’ spotlights yet again, and this time it’s how modest value is left after only a few years of ownership.
First, Wired looked specifically at the Leaf, which can be leased for a ridiculously small amount: $2,400 down and $199 a month for 36 months. The reason the payments are so low? Maximizing the various incentives and credits, including the $7,500 one from the federal government.
“The financing company that buys the new car from the automaker gets the full tax credit, so it can pass on those savings to the lessee in the form of lower monthly payments,” Wired wrote.
But the push to get customers into new Leafs place a huge dent into the used values, which according to Kelly Blue Book, figures a 2012 Leaf with only 33,000 miles should sell for $15,000, a huge loss compared with its original $32,000 MSRP.
“It’s hard for used EVs to compete with lease rates so low because the tax credit isn’t passed down,” Wired continued. “If you place 10 percent down on a 4-year term at 4 percent interest [on the $15,000 used Leaf] you’re paying $305 a month. Throw in the fact that we don’t have a excellent handle on how EV batteries degrade over time (though most have excellent warranties), and there’s no reason not to grab a new one.”
Same goes for the Chevrolet Volt, which according to noted critic Mark Modica of the National Legal Policy Center, suffered even worse losses.
“A search on the Manheim auction site, a primary indicator of vehicle wholesale value, shows that 81 Chevy Volts, model year 2012, were sold at auction for the week ending August 2nd,” wrote Modica. “The average price was $14,871 for vehicles that are only two or three years ancient, primarily coming off of the manipulated leases. That equates to an absurd loss of values for Chevy Volts of in this area 65% in only two or three years.”
While the math is pretty dismal, the automakers certainly had some advanced warning. A Pike Research report back in 2011 suggested pretty much the same thing, with residuals of three-year-ancient Leafs and Volts being in the low-40 percent range. But, the prediction was that as customers became more comfortable with the technology and gas prices remained high, values should slowly rise.
Wired

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Hyundai’s Fuel Cell Vehicle At European Parliament

Hyundai’s Fuel Cell Vehicle At European Parliament Hyundai Motor’s ix35 Fuel Cell has been selected for the third consecutive year by the European Commission-backed Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) to exhibit the real-world benefits of hydrogen fuel cell technology.
Ix35 is the European name of the SUV we know here in North America as the Tucson.
Two ix35 Fuel Cell will be driven during 2014 by Members of the European house of representatives (MEPs), European Commissioners, EU officials and other policymakers in the EU.
Hyundai Motor said it has leased a hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicle to the FCH JU since October 2011. Over the course of the last two years, the ix35 Fuel Cell has been presented to EU choice-makers, stakeholders and the general public at a number of demonstration drives and public events crosswise Europe.
“The fact that the Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell has been chosen for a third consecutive year underlines the vehicle’s pioneering approach to clean mobility solutions,” said Byung Kwon Rhim, President of Hyundai Motor Europe. “Hyundai Motor and our colleagues at the FCH-JU will continue to work together to promote the benefits and advantages of hydrogen and fuel cell technology.”
Hyundai said the ix35 Fuel Cell is already being leased by public and private fleets, primarily in Europe, where the European Union has established a hydrogen road map and initiated construction of hydrogen fuelling stations. Public authorities in Denmark, Germany, Norway and Sweden, as well as private fleets in France, Denmark and Finland, have already taken delivery of ix35 Fuel Cell cars.
In April 2014, Hyundai Motor announced its plot to give up 75 units of ix35 Fuel Cell as part of the leading ever pan-European fuel-cell passenger car project. The Hydrogen for Innovative Vehicles (HyFIVE) project, funded by FCH JU, will see deliveries made in Bolzano (Italy), Copenhagen (Denmark), Innsbruck (Austria), London (UK), Munich and Stuttgart (Germany). As part of the project, the existing pan-European refuelling infrastructure will be expanded significantly, providing superior choice and convenience to ahead of schedule adopters of FCEV technology.
Hyundai stated its ix35 Fuel Cell represents the finale of an FCEV development program that started in 1998, and continues at the company’s dedicated fuel cell research centre at its Eco Technology Research Institute in Korea.
In January 2013 the company became the world’s first automaker to start mass production of zero-emission, hydrogen-powered vehicles, underlining its position as a world-leader in the development of fuel cell technology.

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