What Led Volkswagen To Use Emission Cheats

What Led Volkswagen To Use Emission Cheats As the tale of Volkswagen’s emission defeat devices continues to unfold, details on how the diesel engines were rigged and which cars are affected are slowly coming to light.
But executives within the carmaker – along with others involved with the investigation – have said very modest on what motivated Volkswagen Assemble to install these cheats on more than 11 million cars worldwide. Like many scandals that have come before, the trigger of Volkswagen’s “dieselgate” appears to be rooted in money.
Over the last decade, Volkswagen had been struggling to gain a solid footing in the U.S. diesel market. The perception that diesel emitted more pollution than gasoline engines, tumultuous diesel fuel prices and the cost of diesel technology proved challenging to overcome.
This ad for Volkswagen proudly describes the TDI engine as “clean diesel.” Promise not kept.
To help boost sales, Volkswagen started a marketing campgain labeling its powertrain as “clean diesel.” The ads seemed effective.
“In 2012, Volkswagen’s U.S. sales volume rose to the highest level since 1973,” noted Timothy Cain, an analyst that tracks vehicle sales for GoodCarBadCar.net.
Sales numbers refused to solidify for the company, as Business Insider noted just two years later:
“Volkswagen recently announced that its U.S. auto sales dropped by a staggering 22 percent in June,” Business Insider reported in June 2014. “This will mark the fourth time in the last six months that the brand has experienced a double-digit fall in sales.”
Volkswagen’s share of the U.S. diesel market was quick ground, though. Last year, Car and Driver noted that 75 percent of all diesels cars sold in 2013 were a Volkswagen.
But at the same time Volkswagen was working to maintain its market share, the cost of efficient diesel engines was chipping away at its profits.
“The problem for VW was that cutting NOx [nitrogen oxides] is expensive,” said Automotive News‘ Nick Gibbs. “Analysts from Exane BNP Paribas estimate that reduction technologies have risen from around 700 euros ($790) per vehicle to meet Europe’s Euro5 emissions targets to 1,300 euros for Euro6, which has just come into force this month.”
SEE ALSO: Volkswagen Was Warned in 2007 By Bosch In this area Illegal Software
When comparing markets, Alberto Pisoni, a director with Genera Motors Powertrain in Europe, said lower unit sales and more stringent emissions regulations make the U.S. the “most challenging” diesel market.
“When you have a larger scale for your product then for sure there is a benefit,” commented Pisoni.
For other auto manufacturers trying to mix together low-emission technology in an appealing, competitive vehicle, the reality of Volkswagen’s pressure to use a defeat device could become a warning against using diesel. Gibbs clarifies why:
“The knowledge that arguably the world’s technology leader in diesels can’t make the U.S market work without cheating could now repel other makers.”

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2016 Nissan Leaf To Offer 107-Mile Range

2016 Nissan Leaf To Offer 107-Mile Range As the summer draws to a close, Nissan is announcing what was reported as likely late May, that the Leaf will come in two trim levels offering 107-mile range.
Really, the report then said “over 105″ estimated miles, and spot on was the advance notice that a new 30-kwh lithium-ion battery would be existing.
2016 Nissan Leaf Could Have Over 105 Miles Range Read more

Ludicrous Mode Means Tesla Model S Is The Quickest Accelerating Car

Ludicrous Mode Means Tesla Model S Is The Quickest Accelerating Car Three new changes are coming for the Tesla Model S, including a new “ludicrous mode.”
If the P85D’s “insane” mode was not enough for you, when this setting is engaged, the now-quicker Model S will reach 60 mph in a reported 2.8 seconds making the previous P85D’s 3.2 seconds seem sluggish.
The upgrade is for the P85D, and will set owners back $13,000. The new P90D will include dual motors and a 90 kilowatt-hour lithium-ion battery (more on that in a minute). Power output is a mind-blowing 762 horsepower, increased over the P85D’s already outrageous 691.
The sensation of “ludicrous mode” was described by Tesla CEO Elon Musk as “quicker than diminishing,” and this is literally right. Any passengers will want to make sure they are well braced for the 1.1 gs of force felt with the full acceleration. Read more

2016 Kia Soul EV Entry Level Now $2,000 Cheaper

2016 Kia Soul EV Entry Level Now $2,000 Cheaper When Kia releases the 2016 Soul EV to California dealers, and at least one so far in Olympia, Wash. later this month, a new entry trim level will be existing to make it more competitive.
The converted version of the well loved mini-ute will be called the Soul EV-e. It will start at $31,950 before incentives and share the same unchanged-from-2015 powertrain with the $33,950 Soul EV, and $35,950 Soul EV+.
Some decontenting took place to make possible this car now priced quicker to the sub-$30,000 Nissan Leaf, but included are still a honest number of features for what has been a well-equipped car.
Included are a DC quick charge port, 6.6-kilowatt onboard charger, and 3.5-inch OLED Supervision cluster, heated adjoin seats, heated leather-wrapped steering wheel, and FlexSteer, as standard equipment.
2016 Soul EV
To keep the mid-level Soul relevant, Kia equips it with “standard premium features” including capacitive touch 8-inch navigation touchscreen with Rear Camera Show and UVO EV Air force.
UVO is telematics technology that lets drivers search for charging stations, remotely check state-of-charge and precondition interior temperature through a Smartphone.
2016 Soul EV
The mid-level also gets a heat pump HVAC system to improve energy efficiency and maximize pouring range.
Not to be outdone, the top Soul EV+ trim offers for $1,100 a Sun & Fun Package, which includes a panoramic sunroof, LED interior lighting and speaker lights that pulse to the beats of the six-speaker audio system.
Also included are ventilated adjoin passenger seats, heated rear outboard seats, leather trimmed seats, adjoin and rear Park Help, and power folding mirrors.
Sharpening Its Act Read more

Up To Half Of America’s Top-10 MPG Leaders Are ’80s and ’90s Cars

Up To Half Of America’s Top-10 MPG Leaders Are ’80s and ’90s Cars Among America’s 10 most fuel-efficient cars, you might expect only late-model examples, but two on the EPA’s official list – and up to five informally – are dated from the mid-1980s and ahead of schedule ’90s and ranked alongside the Toyota Prius PHEV, Chevy Volt, and BMW i3 REx.
One of the EPA-acknowledged cars is really a hybrid, the 53-mpg original 2000 Honda Insight, which was developed at the end of the last millennium, and the other is the non-hybrid 48-mpg 1986 Chevrolet Sprint ER (pictured).
The Sprint ER – as right also of ahead of schedule 1990s 47-mpg non-hybrid, non-turbo GEO Metros – was derived from the humble Suzuki Cultus.
Official top-10 most efficient non-EVs. Source: EPA.
The official U.S. EPA fuel economy ratings do see mostly newer model cars in the top spots.
But, the EPA also lets drivers volunteer their own mileage based on their real-world usage. For what it’s worth, that list includes the 2004-2006 Honda Insight, 1990-1991 Honda CRX HF, 1990-1994 Geo Metro XFI, and 1999 Chevy Metro.
These are known to be efficient cars rated to 40-plus mpg by the EPA, so even if plus-or-minus inaccuracies exist, they are noteworthy.
And in any case, factoring subjective and official results, this is what we have for the most fuel efficient vehicles – including plug-in hybrids, but excluding all-electric vehicles.
Virtues of the Econobox
Today a nearly a cult-like following is also fomenting around the hoped-for three-wheeled $6,800 Elio trike/car, but perhaps if a time machine existed, some of that start-up’s fans would defect to options from the past?
Of course at the end of the 1980s through the ‘90s new car prices were far cheaper, as was gasoline, but the basic-set-of-wheels Geos and Chevrolets were priced in the same locality, more or less, though granted, a dollar was worth more back then.
The unofficial list. Source: EPA.
Common to the original Honda Insight, Chevy Sprint, and GEO Metros is a 1.0-liter three-cylinder engine.
Honda paired its gas engine with an electric motor for a more elegant key, and the Suzuki-based badge-engineered Chevy/Geo varieties were naturally aspirated. The CRX HF used a naturally aspirated 1.5-liter four. Read more